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TOMOGRAPHY, March 2016, Volume 2, Issue 1: 49-55
DOI: 10.18383/j.tom.2016.00112

Gas Phase UTE MRI of Propane and Propene

Kirill V. Kovtunov1,2, Alexey S. Romanov1,2, Oleg G. Salnikov1,2, Danila A. Barskiy3, Eduard Y. Chekmenev3, and Igor V. Koptyug1,2

1International Tomography Center, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia; 2Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia; and 3Department of Radiology, Vanderbilt University Institute of Imaging Science (VUIIS), and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center (VICC), Nashville, Tennessee

Abstract

Proton magnetic resonance imaging (1H MRI) of gases can potentially enable functional lung imaging to probe gas ventilation and other functions. Here, 1H MR images of hyperpolarized (HP) and thermally polarized propane gas were obtained using ultrashort echo time (UTE) pulse sequence. A 2-dimensional (2D) image of thermally polarized propane gas with ~0.9 × 0.9 mm2 spatial resolution was obtained in <2 seconds, showing that even non-HP hydrocarbon gases can be successfully used for conventional proton magnetic resonance imaging. The experiments were also performed with HP propane gas, and high-resolution multislice FLASH 2D images in ~510 seconds and non-slice-selective 2D UTE MRI images were acquired in ~2 seconds. The UTE approach adopted in this study can be potentially used for medical lung imaging. Furthermore, the possibility of combining UTE with selective suppression of 1H signals from 1 of the 2 gases in a mixture is shown in this MRI study. The latter can be useful for visualizing industrially important processes where several gases may be present, eg, gas–solid catalytic reactions.

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